American military acknowledged Russia's impressive victory in Syria — analysis of operation

American military acknowledged Russia's impressive victory in Syria — analysis of operation | Русская весна

Russia won an impressive victory in Syria, according to a special edition of the US Armed Forces - the magazine Military Review.

Russian military and politicians were able to achieve significant results in a short time and at minimal cost: they defeated terrorist groups, retained the presidential post of the SAR for Bashar Assad, made the Russian Federation a key player in international negotiations and reliably established themselves on bases (naval in Tartus and the airspace of Khemeymim in Latakia).

The main advantage of the strategy chosen by Moscow was its flexibility - the operative combination of military and political measures depending on the changing situation, the authors of the material "What is Russia's victory in Syria?" In the Military Review magazine, Michael Kofman, the military analyst of the Center for Naval Analysis of the United States, and director of the Washington Institute. Kennan Mathew Rozhansky **.

When negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations and the military operations of the American anti-terrorist coalition proved ineffective, Russia was able to radically change the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic in just two years, spending much less money and resources on it than all the other participants in the process.

Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs succeeded in breaking the monopoly of the "Geneva process", inspired by the UN peace talks - and for a long time already, the Astana talks (held under the patronage of Russia, Iran and Turkey - edit.) are much more important for the settlement of the conflict in the SAR.

Moscow has turned out incredible - to establish productive contacts with almost all key regional players: from Saudi Arabia to Iran. And the Syrian leader Bashar Assad not only stayed in power in the country, but also significantly strengthened his position - up to the point that now he can dictate the terms of his participation in the "Geneva process".

As for the military operation, then Russia used the simplest and most effective technology: all forces hostile to the government of the SAR were recognized as terrorists and fell under the massive air strikes of aircraft of the Russian Federation Air Force.

American analysts emphasize that an important feature was the lack of full-scale ground operations, which helped to minimize the loss of personnel with high combat effectiveness.

Trained by the Russian military advisers, the Armed Forces of the UARP were cheered up and, with the support of the aviation of the Russian Air Force, won a series of convincing victories over their enemies. In addition, a fast and effective campaign has become a test in practice of the latest models of Russian weapons and excellent advertising for potential buyers.

After Russia's entry into the Syrian war, interest in aircraft, helicopters, missiles, tanks and other Russian military equipment has grown significantly, the Military Review notes.

- This is an obvious victory for Moscow, which converted its successes into long-term agreements on the aviation base of Khmeimim in Latakia and the naval base of the Navy in Tartus.

In addition, Russian companies have also become entrenched in Syria - in the future they will be able to profitably participate in the reconstruction of the country's war-torn infrastructure, military researchers add.

The military campaign of the Russian Federation in Syria was 2 years. The troops were introduced at the request of Damascus in September 2015, and in December 2017, Vladimir Putin at the airbase Khemimem announced the successful completion of the operation and ordered the servicemen to return to Russia.

During this period, terrorist groups of Islamists, who controlled most of the territory of the UAR, were virtually routed, write Kofman and Rozhansky.

* Michael Kofman is a senior fellow at CNA Corporation, where he is director of Russian research programs. He is also a global researcher at the Kennan Institute, Washington, DC, and a non-resident member at the Institute of Contemporary War at West Point, New York. Previously, he served as program manager at the National Defense University. His research focuses on security issues in Russia and the former Soviet Union, he specializes in defense and military analysis, has a bachelor's degree at Northeastern University and a master's degree from Georgetown University's Foreign Service School.

** Matthew Rozhansky is director of the Kennan Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, DC, and an associate professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He holds a bachelor's degree from Harvard College and Stanford Law School. Previously, he was Deputy Director of the Programs of Russia and Eurasia in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He also worked as a policy specialist at the Ukrainian Embassy in the United States in Kiev, as well as as an invited scientist in the Research Department of the NATO Defense College.

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